Chinese Programmes

Academic Programmes


Undergraduate Programmes


The Department of Chinese Studies currently offers only undergraduate programme:

(i).   Full time

The programme is either a 4-year B. A. degree programme in Chinese Studies for students admitted through UTME or a 3-year B.A. degree programme in Chinese Studies for those admitted through Direct Entry (DE).


(ii). Part-time:

The programme is a 5-year B.A. degree programme in Chinese Studies for students admitted through the Continuing Education Programme (CEP).

(Plans to commence postgraduate programme are currently under consideration).

Enrolment and Wastage Rates

Session Number Enrolled Number Graduated Wastage Rate
Regular CEP Regular CEP  Regular CEP
2015/2015 15   15      
2020/2021 18   13    


Admission Requirements

(See Nnamdi Azikiwe University General and Academic Regulations, ch.2, 2.1-2.2.2)


Universal Tertiary Matriculation Examinations (UTME)

Applicants for admission to the Department of Chinese Studies through UTME must:

  1. attain the approved Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examinations (UTME) minimum score and satisfy the University assessment in the post- UTME screening;


  1. have attained the age of 16 (sixteen) years by the first of October of the year of admission;
  2. by the first day of October of the year of admission possess at least one of the following qualifications:
  3. the Senior Secondary School Certificate (SSSC) or the General Certificate of Education (GCE, ordinary level) or equivalent certificate with credit level passes in at least five subjects, including the English Language obtained in not more than two (2) sittings;


  1. the Teachers Grade Two Certificate with credit or merit passes in at least five

subjects, including English Language in not more than two (2) sittings.

  1. satisfy the Faculty/Departmental entry requirements for the Department as approved by Senate.


Direct Entry (DE)

Applicants for admission through direct entry (DE) must:

  1. meet the requirements in b, c, d above;
  2. possess at least one of the following qualifications:
  3. at least two (2) subjects passed at the Advanced or Principal Level of GCE/HSC

pass at the credit/merit level in at least two major subjects in the NCE:


  1. a minimum of an upper credit pass at the ND or Nnamdi Azikiwc University

Diploma in the relevant discipline;


iii. a university first degree or HND or its equivalent.


Graduation Requirements

Exchange/Immersion Programme

Students of the department are required to spend the third year of their study in China or other countries where they can spend the year learning the Chinese language in a university or alternatively in Nigeria working in places where proficiency in the Chinese language is a required. During the one-year exchange/immersion programme abroad, students are required to pass both HSK 4 and HSK 5. Their scores in the HSK 4 examination shall be used in lieu of  the scores for the first semester examinations. Likewise, their scores in HSK 5 shall be used in lieu of the scores for second semester examinations.


Duration of Study

Students admitted through UTME shall spend a minimum of 4 years. Those admitted through direct entry (DE) shall spend a minimum of 3 years. In addition, they must pass all first-year courses. Those admitted through CEP shall spend a minimum of 5 years. During all the three different periods of study, the students are required to register for, take, and pass all required courses.


Inter-Departmental Transfer and Deferment

(See Nnamdi Azikiwe University General and Academic Rules, ch.2, 2.2.5)


Inter-deferment transfer

Students admitted through UTME to another department, but who wish to transfer to the Department of Chinese Studies shall:

(i). spend one academic session in their original departments

(ii). not be in their final year

(iii).  not have any course outstanding even if their CGPA is above the required minimum

(v). pay a transfer fee of N100,000 (one hundred thousand naira)

(vi). apply through the Registrar on the prescribed form enclosing photocopies of qualifying certificate(s) and certified statements of results for all semesters spent so far

(vii). meet the admission requirements applicable to the year of study of the programme into which they seek transfer

(viii). earn waivers for only those relevant courses passed in his former department

(ix). have the remaining courses that they did not earn waivers appear in their official academic record but shall not be taken into account in determining his final CGPA

(x). collect from the Admissions Office a transfer letter stating the new programme of study, waivers and year of study

(xi). collect from the Admissions Office a transfer letter stating the new programme, the approved year of study and the course for which waivers had been granted


Deferment of Admission

Eligibility, Procedure and Duration

(a). Students applying for deferment of admission shall:

(i). be those admitted through UTME or Direct Entry

(ii). have completed the registration formalities and paid the prescribed school fees for the session

(b). Application for deferment of admission shall be:

(i). made to the Registrar through the Dean of Faculty of Arts through the Head of the Department of Chinese Studies within two (2) weeks of the session

(ii). presented to Senate for approval

(c). Deferment shall be for a period of one academic year.




Numbering System

Stress Area                                                       Code

Language (Grammar)                                          0

Literature                                                             1

History                                                                 2

Culture/Folklore                                                  3

Chinese Linguistics                                             4

Research Methodology & Project                       5


N.B. In the numbering system, three digits are used. The first digit stands for the year of study. The middle digit stands for the course or stress area. The last digit indicates the semester. (Odd number indicates the course is taught in the first semester; even number indicates the course is taught in the second semester).



First Year (First Semester)

Grouping Course Code Course Title Credit Unit
General Courses GST 101 Use of English I 1
GST 103 Introduction to Philosophy & Logic 2
GST 107 Nigerian Peoples and Cultures 2
GST 108 Basic Igbo Studies I 1
Core Courses CHS 101 Elementary Chinese 2
CHS 103 Chinese Orthography & Pronunciation 3
CHS 104 Listening Chinese 3
CHS 111 Reading Chinese 3
CHS 107 Early Chinese History 3
Intra-Faculty Courses FRE 101 Elementary French I 2
SPA 101 Elementary Spanish I 2

                                                                                                                                       Total: 24

First Year (Second Semester)

Grouping Course Code Course Title Credit Unit
General Courses GST 102 Use of English II 1
GST 104 History and Philosophy of Science 2
GST 109 Basic Igbo Studies II 1
Core Courses CHS 102 Modern Chinese History 3
CHS 105 Speaking/Oral Chinese 3
CHS 112 Writing Chinese Character 3
CHS 109 Conversational Chinese 3
Intra Faculty Courses FRE 102 Elementary French II 2
SPA 102 Elementary Spanish II 2

                                                                                                                                Total: 23


Second Year (First Semester)

Grouping Course Code Course Title Credit Unit
Inter Faculty Courses CSC 101 Computer Programming & Language 2
Core Courses CHS 201 Introduction  to Chinese Culture 3
CHS 203 Intermediate Chinese I 3
CHS 205 Writing Composition 3
CHS  211 Reading Comprehension in Chinese 3
CHS  209 HSK Level 3 3
Intra Faculty Courses IGB 101 Elementary Igbo I 2
ENG 161 Intro. to Nigerian Literature 2

Total: 21

Second Year (Second Semester)

Grouping Course Code Course Title Credit Unit
Inter Faculty Courses CSC 102 Computer Programming & Languages II 2
ENT 200 Introduction to Entrepreneurial Studies 0
Core Courses CHS 202 Introduction to Chinese Grammar 3
CHS 204 Intermediate Chinese II 3
CHS 207 Writing Essay in Chinese 3
CHS 212 Practical Translation 3
CHS 210 Intro. to Chinese Literature 3
Intra Faculty Courses IGB  102 Elementary Igbo II 2
ENG  102 Introduction to Nigerian Literature  II 2

Total: 21


Third Year (First Semester)

Course  Code Course Title Credit Units
CHS 301 Advanced Chinese I 6
CHS 303 Advanced Listening Chinese 4
CHS 304 Advanced Spoken Chinese 4
CHS 311 Modern Chinese Grammar 2
CHS 306 Survey of China 2
CHS 313 Survey of Chinese Economy 2

                                                                                                                  Total: 20

Third Year (Second Semester)

Course  Code Course Title Credit Units
CHS 302 Advanced Chinese II 6
CHS 305 Advanced Spoken Chinese II 4
CHS 312 Modern Chinese Literature 2
CHS 307 Language Practice 3
CHS 322 Chinese as a Second Language Teaching: Theory and Methods 3
CHS 308 Modern Chinese Vocabulary 3

                                                                                                                  Total: 21



Fourth Year (First Semester)

Course Code Course Title Credit Unit
CHS 401 Intro. to Chinese Religion and Philosophy 3
CHS 403 China and Globalisation 3
CHS 405 Advanced Chinese III 3
CHS 407 History of Chinese Civilisation 3
CHS 411 Introduction to Chinese Linguistics 3
CHS 413 Research Methodology 3

                                                                                                                Total: 18


Fourth Year (Second Semester)

Course Code Course Title Credit Unit
CHS 402 Government and Politics of China 3
CHS 404 Advanced Chinese IV 3
CHS 406 China’s Foreign Policy in Africa 3
CHS 409 Modern Chinese Economy 3
CHS 412 Introduction to Chinese Morphology 3
CHS 422 Project (Thesis) 6

                                                                                                                   Total: 21


Distribution of Courses by Semester


Year of Study Semester Credit Units
First Year First Semester 24
Second Semester 23
Second Year First Semester 21
Second Semester 21
Third Year First Semester 20
Second Semester 21
Fourth Year First Semester 18
Second Semester 21

Total: 169


Course Description

First Year (First Semester)

CHS 101: Elementary Chinese

This course is an introductory course in the study of the Chinese language. It is concerned with the basic knowledge of Chinese phonetics, vocabulary, grammar and characters, which the students need to develop basic listening, speaking, reading and writing skills in the Chinese language.


CHS 103: Chinese Orthography and Pronunciation

This course is designed to deal with the problems the students are bound to encounter while writing and pronouncing the Chinese characters. There are rules that must be observed while writing and/or pronouncing the Chinese characters. The Chinese language does not have an alphabet. It only has strokes; therefore, learners must observe the acceptable sequence for writing the strokes as well as the rules for pronouncing characters formed with the strokes.


CHS 104: Listening Chinese

This course is designed to hone the listening abilities of learners of the Chinese language. It is practical based and will help the students to learn new words and expressions simultaneously. The students would be trained to distinguish the phonetic sounds of the language and also to be able to differentiate one sound from similar ones. It also incorporates listening to audios culled from short passages.


CHS 107: Early Chinese History

This course introduces the students to Chinese history— the world’s longest continuous history. It examines the historicity of the earliest dynasties (Xia, Shang and Zhou), then the two great periods of the Zhou (namely the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States period), the amalgamation of China, and ends with a discussion of the dynasties that came after the amalgamation, such as the Tang, Song and Yuan dynasties. It particularly looks at the rise and fall of the dynasties, their social, political and economic organization, etc.


CHS 111: Reading Chinese

A supplementary course to CHS 101: Elementary Chinese, this course aims at improving the students’ ability to recognise and understand Chinese characters. With the aid of short stories culled from real-life situations, the students can improve their reading skills.


First Year (Second Semester)

CHS 102: Modern Chinese History

This course discusses the major historical developments in China since the Opium Wars. The specific developments discussed are: the two Opium Wars (1840-42; 1856-60), the Taiping Uprising, the Boxer Revolution (1898-1900), the May Fourth Revolution, the Xinhai Revolution (1911), the Second Sino-Japanese War and the Communist Revolution (1949). The language of instruction in the course is English.


CHS 105: Speaking/Oral Chinese

This course is supplementary to CHS 101: Elementary Chinese. It aims at using plenty of listening and oral practices to firm up students’ communicative competence (especially speaking ability) with purposive use of the characters, expressions and grammar already learnt.


CHS 109: Conversational Chinese

A supplementary course to CHS 101: Elementary Chinese, this course seeks to create real-life situations in order to help students improve their communication skills in Chinese. Through conversation practices, the students can improve their listening and speaking skills. The course is practical-biased.


CHS 112: Writing Chinese Characters

Writing is one of the four parts of Chinese language skills. It is not only the form of writing but also the basis of Chinese reading and writing. In addition, it conveys Chinese culture. By learning Chinese characters, we can understand the history as well as the developmental process of Chinese characters and experience the special beauty of Chinese characters.


CHS 113: Chinese Measure Words and Numbers

Chinese quantifiers are different from English quantifiers in different ways. This course introduces students to the usage of Chinese measure words and numerals. Most errors in the use of Chinese nouns are attributable to the wrong use of Chinese measure words and numerals. This course will help lay a solid foundation for students in Chinese.


Second Year (First Semester)

CHS 201: Introduction to Chinese Culture

The primary objective of this course is to help students appreciate Chinese culture. Chinese culture is highly resilient. Some of the topics examined are the evolution, resiliency and spread of the culture. By introducing Chinese philosophy, education, inventions, technology, architecture, literature, arts, customs, religions and cultural exchanges between China and the other countries, this course affords students the opportunity to acquaint themselves with the essence and dynamics of Chinese culture.


CHS 203: Intermediate Chinese I

The course involves the study of the oral and written Chinese literature at the intermediate level with special focus on the theoretical elements of the three genres of written Chinese literature – drama, poetry and prose and proper contextual use of the lexical items.


CHS 205: Writing Composition in Chinese

This course surveys the basic theories of composition as an art, including the rudiments of creative writing, different types of composition on selected subjects, topic development of outlines, paragraphs and their significance in the development of composition, logical arrangement of  various parts and paragraphs, and the assessment and appreciation of finished composition.


CHS 209: HSK Level 3

HSK level 3 is one of the Chinese proficiency level examinations organised and administered by the Center for Language Education and Cooperation (the Confucius Institute Headquarters, formerly Hanban). The course prepares the students for the four components of the examination—listening, speaking, reading and writing. HSK is a Chinese proficiency examination/test of non-Chinese-speaking people. It is like TOEFL and  IELTS in the English language.


CHS 211: Writing Comprehension in Chinese

This course surveys the theories of writing fast and accurate understanding. Students practise by reading selected passages, chapters, books and other materials as well as answering questions in the context of works.


Second Year (Second Semester)

CHS 202: Introduction to Chinese Grammar

This course focuses on the rudiments of grammar and sentence patterns and structures of the Chinese language. At the end of the course, students should be able to make sentences in Chinese, that are free from grammatical errors.


CHS 204: Intermediate Chinese II

This is a continuation of CHS 203: Intermediate Chinese I. The aim is to broaden the scope of students’ understanding of the theoretical elements of the three genres of written Chinese literature (drama, poetry and prose) as well as the proper contextual use of the lexical items.


CHS 207: Writing Chinese Essay

Writing is one of the four Chinese language skills. It shows the level of one’s proficiency in Chinese. By learning how to write Chinese essays, one can understand the skills required to construct meaningful essays in Chinese.


CHS 210: Introduction to Chinese Literature

This course glances at pre-modern Chinese literature, focusing on the literature species typical and  representative of different dynasties, for instance, the mystery in remote times, the poetry in the Tang Dynasty, the Ci Poetry in the Song Dynasty, and the prose in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.


CHS 212: Practical Translation

This course aims at introducing some foreign language translation theories, especially Chinese-English translation theory, by taking many practices of Chinese-English oral interpretation and written translation. The goal is to enhance the employability of students by deepening their understanding of foreign language translation theories and improve their Chinese-English translation ability.


Third Year (First Semester)

CHS 301: Advanced Chinese I

This course, which is about registers, requires that students learn about 600 technical/specialist new words and their grammatical usage especially in written documentaries or spoken language. It also helps to improve the students’ comprehension reading ability through reading assignments. It is expected that students will be able to read comprehensions within given time frame and also be able to summarize same. Students are also expected to write compositions with the new words to ensure their correct usage in writing.


CHS 303: Advanced Listening Chinese

This course involves a comprehensive development and improvement of Chinese language learners’ listening ability and interest in learning Chinese. Students can attain higher level of learning by hearing content close to the life of the Chinese people, all-round display of contemporary Chinese social life, exploring scientific training system of listening skills, giving prominence to the listening skills of single, double and comprehensive training, taking hearing elements and content of understanding of the practice, deepen the listening skills training.



CHS  304:  Advanced Spoken Chinese

This course builds on CHS 105: Speaking/Oral Chinese, dealing with oral spoken content close to the Chinese everyday life and all-round display of the oral communication of social life in contemporary China. It involves practical exercises, geared towards improving and deepening the spoken language skills training, which is needed to create room for the students to achieve a high level of spoken Chinese.


CHS 306: Survey of China

This course is designed to be a primer on China. It glances at the “facts and figures” of China—geography (location, landmass, climate and natural resources), population (ethnic groups, ethnic policies, demography, population policies), beliefs and cultures, educational policies, social/political/economic organization, membership of international organisations, etc.


CHS 311: Modern Chinese Grammar

This course embraces advanced grammatical functions and usages and the Chinese language expressions with emphasis on grammatical analysis of lexical and syntactic items of the Chinese sentence structures. Detailed and comparative analysis of Chinese grammatical structure and behaviour are taught in this course.


CHS 313: Survey of Chinese Economy

This course discusses the salient issues in Chinese economy since 1949—the advent of planned economy, the Great Leap Forward, the reforms by Deng Xiaoping, market-oriented economy, state-owned enterprises (SOEs), township-village enterprises (TVEs), foreign direct investment (FDI), rural-urban migration, labour policies, social security, income distribution, consumption; public finance and financial system reforms, securities market, macroeconomic regulations and control mechanisms, etc.


Third Year (Second Semester)

CHS 302: Advanced Spoken Chinese II

The course teaches advanced Chinese words, expressions and grammar points. It focuses on students’ expressive ability in passage, so that students can use better words to express complex feelings, accurate opinions and apply the Chinese language decently. The students should know the difference between colloquial and formal expressions. They can choose proper expressions according to the real-life situations.


CHS 305: Advanced Chinese 2

This course builds on CHS 301: Advanced Chinese 1. It requires that students learn about 1000 complex advanced new words from all fields of life, and their grammatical usage. This involves how to apply the words in writing articles or spoken language. The course will also guide the students on strategies to improve the reading comprehensive ability through the reading tasks, so that the students can read articles in required time and summarize the core meanings correctly. It equally involves writing compositions with the given advanced words or themes to make sure the students can narrate the story properly, and express their opinions, comments as well as feelings correctly and accurately.


CHS 312: Modern Chinese Literature

The course basically teaches classical modern Chinese literature. In the course about 10 different types of classical modern Chinese articles in different schools of thought and periods are treated. The meanings of the classical materials are introduced and explained. Students also learn the writing methods and appreciate the artistic achievements.


CHS 307: Language Practice

The course affords the students the opportunity to practise spoken Chinese language and apply same in practical writing. They are asked, for example, to use given words to make sentences; tell stories with given pictures; debate on certain topics; write short stories, requests for leave, expository essays, etc. The semester examination will require students to express themselves for 3 minutes on a certain topic and write an article of at least 500 characters.


CHS 322: Chinese as a Second Language Teaching: Theory and Methods

This course aims to teach students the second language teaching methods especially the methods of teaching Chinese as a second language. The students are introduced to different pedagogical schools of thought and their theories. Students should be acquainted with these schools and know the merits and demerits of each school. Students shall present a 20-minute seminar based on at least 3 kinds of teaching methods.


CHS 308: Modern Chinese Vocabulary

This course requires that the students be taught some HSK 5 words alongside their pronunciation, character, meaning and usage. The students should know that in addition to taking this course, they should attend the HSK 5 tutorial at the Confucius Institute. The students are required to pass HSK 5 in this third year of study, which is one of the requirements for graduation.


Fourth Year (First Semester)

CHS 401: Introduction to Chinese Religion and Philosophy

This course discusses the origins and spread of the four main religions in China, namely Taoism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam as well as the influence of traditional Chinese philosophies, namely Confucianism, Mohism and Legalism.


CHS 403: China and Globalization

The course aims at systematically introducing China’s reform and open-up policy and its significance to China’s economic take-off and social development from the aspects of politics, economy, culture and society. The modern world is fully integrated and globalized. The other topics treated are “Go Global” project, China’s membership of WTO, outward FDI, Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) Made in China 2025 and One Belt and One Road Economic Belt.


CHS 405: Advanced Chinese III

This course is a comprehensive course of Chinese language. It is designed for students who have already learnt a minimum of 1500 words and many grammatical structures. It aims at making



students to learn about 1000 new words through intensive drills in listening, speaking, reading and writing. It further helps students improve their ability in using Chinese.


CHS 407: History of Chinese Civilization

With thousands of years of continuous history, China is among the world’s oldest civilisations and is regarded as one of the cradles of civilization. Chinese civilization is one of the four ancient/oldest civilisations. In this course students learn about not only the progenitors (the Three Emperors and Five Sovereigns) and cradles (the Yellow River and the Yangze River) and organisation of this civilization but also the cultures that formed it (the Hemudu culture, the Daxi culture, the Qujialing culture, the Shijiahe culture, the Hemudu culture,  the Majiabang culture, the Songze culture, the Liangzhu culture and the Wucheng culture), the four great inventions of ancient China and the factors responsible for the spread of the civilization to parts of southeast Asia.


CHS 411: Introduction to Chinese Linguistics

This course introduces the sub-disciplines of Chinese linguistics such as phonetics, lexicology, grammar, character formation, semantics and pragmatics. The development of ancient Chinese linguistics will help students to gain a broad understanding of Chinese linguistics and improve their abilities in using Chinese for communication and research.


CHS 413: Research Methodology

This course teaches the major issues in research, such as induction, deduction, analysis, synthesis, research methods (quantitative and qualitative), frameworks (theoretical and conceptual), ways to collect and analyse data, etc. The goal is to prepare the students for their project work.


Year Four (Second Semester)

CHS 402: Government and Politics of China

This bifurcated course discusses the administrative levels of government (provinces, counties and townships) and their relationship, the arms (or organs) of government (National People’s Congress, Presidency, State Council, Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate and Central Military Commission ), party system, Congress System, the Cultural Revolution, boluan fanzheng, the cult of personality, intraparty power struggle and factions (taizidang versus tuanpai), intergovernmental relations, etc.


CHS 404: Advanced Chinese IV

This course is a comprehensive course of Chinese language. It is meant for students who have learnt no fewer than 2500 words and many grammatical structures. Its goal is to make students further improve their proficiency by learning at least additional 1000 new words through intensive drilling in listening, speaking, reading and writing.


CHS 406: China’s Foreign Policy to Africa

The focus of this course is one of the most contentious topics in contemporary international politics. Africa’s relationship with China has been a subject of divisive debate since the end of the Cold War. The course first of all reconstructs the history of the relationship, which is divisible into these two periods—the Mao era and the post-Mao era. Then it discusses contemporary developments in

the relationship since the end of the Cold War, most notably China’s interest in the continent’s raw materials, multilateral frameworks such as FOCAC (under Africa + 1), the Silk and Road Initiative, military cooperation and China’s peace efforts. The course is hoped to enhance students’ knowledge of the dynamics and implications of China’s relationship with Africa.


CHS 409: Modern Chinese Economy

This course discusses the major developments in Chinese economy since the establishment of communist rule in 1949. The preponderance of the discussion is, however, on the developments during the past four decades—Deng Xiaoping’s economic reforms (开放改革) and subsequent developments that have followed them.


CHS 412: Introduction to Chinese Morphology

The Chinese language is an isolating language, compared with the Indo-European languages— it is a language lacking of morphologic changes, such as changes of gender, number, case, tense, person of nouns, verbs and adjectives. The language expresses grammatical functions by function words and word order. This course, therefore, aims to introduce Chinese word-building methods (single-morpheme words, compound words), and mainly introducing affix (prefix, suffix), overlapping of words, aspect particle (zhe, le, guo) and word order, etc.


CHS 422: Project (Thesis)

This course is non-interactive in that students are not required to take any class whatsoever. It only requires students to do project work which must be defended as a requirement for graduation.